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Academic Honesty and Avoiding Plagiarism

Citation Styles

In academic writing, there are many different citation styles. Here are a few of the most common, and their related disciplines. In other words, no matter the type of writing, it’s always critical to provide credit for other people’s thoughts and ideas. In academic writing, there are discipline-specific rules for how to cite sources.

Click each format for a full explanation of each style and example citations!

Format Discipline
Modern Language Association
Liberal Arts
American Psychological Association
Nursing, Education,Psychology

Chicago Manual of Style

Notes/Bibliography: Humanities
Author/Date: Social Sciences

American Medical Association Style

Physical Therapist Assistant


How Do Citations Look in Different Styles?

Below is how this article would be cited in each of the different citation styles.

MLA AlkadhiKarim et al. “Neurobiological Consequences of Sleep Deprivation.” Current Neuropharmacology 11.3 (2013): 231–249. PMC. 25 Apr. 2016.
APA  Alkadhi, K., Zagaar, M., Alhaider, I., Salim, S., & Aleisa, A. (2013). Neurobiological Consequences of Sleep Deprivation. Current Neuropharmacology11(3), 231–249. doi:10.2174/1570159X11311030001
Chicago (A/D) Alkadhi, K., Zagaar, M., Alhaider, I., Salim, S., & Aleisa, A. 2013. “Neurobiological Consequences of Sleep Deprivation.” Current Neuropharmacology 11(3): 231-249.
Chicago (N/B) Alkadhi, K., Zagaar, M., Alhaider, I., Salim, S., & Aleisa, A. “Neurobiological Consequences of Sleep Deprivation.” Current Neuropharmacology 11, no.3 (2013): 231-249.
AMA Alkadhi K, Zagaar M, Alhaider I, Salim S, Aleisa A. Neurobiological consequences of sleep deprivation. Curr Neuropharmacol. 2013;11(3):231-249. doi:10.2174/1570159X11311030001

Practice: Citing Different Formats

You will be asked to use a variety of formats in your course work and they will all need a citation.

Drag each citation on the left to the correct format on the right. 

Smith, John. “The Endocrine System." Pomona College. Claremont, CA. 3 February 2015. Smith, Joe. (@fairfiledulib). “Librarians helping students at the reference desk.” 29 April 2016, 2:03 p.m. Instagram.
“Galentine’s Day." Parks and Recreation. NBC. KNBC, Los Angeles. 20 Mar. 2014.
Obama, Barack (BarackObama). ""Everybody has a chance—that's the idea of America." —President Obama." 16 Apr. 2014, 2:20 p.m.



TV Episode


Tips and Tools for managing your citations

Citation creation can be difficult but your library is here to help!

  • We have online citation guides in the different citation formats. You can use these to help you formulate your citations or check citations that our databases generate for you.
  • Helpful hint: Always double check the citations databases or citation tools create for you. You can do this with our online citation guides or check with a librarian.